weight


weight
weight [wāt]
n.
[ME weiht, altered (infl. by weien, WEIGH1) < OE wiht < wegan: see WEIGH1]
1. a portion or quantity weighing a definite or specified amount [ten pounds weight of lead]
2.
a) heaviness as a quality of things
b) Physics the force of gravity acting on a body, equal to the mass of the body multiplied by the acceleration of gravity
3.
a) quantity or amount of heaviness; how much a thing weighs
b) the amount a specified thing should weigh
4.
a) any unit of heaviness or mass
b) any system of such units [troy weight, avoirdupois weight]: see the table of weights and measures in the Reference Supplement
c) a piece, as of metal, of a specific standard heaviness, used on a balance or scale in weighing
5. any block or mass of material used for its heaviness; specif.,
a) one used to hold light things down or in position [a paperweight]
b) one used to drive a mechanism [the weights in a clock]
c) one used to maintain balance [weights placed on an automobile wheel]
d) one of a particular heaviness, lifted as an athletic exercise
6.
a) any heavy thing or load
b) a burden or oppressiveness, as of responsibility or sorrow
7. importance or consequence [a matter of great weight]
8. influence, power, or authority [to throw one's weight to the losing side]
9. the relative thickness or heaviness of a fabric or an article of clothing as proper to a particular season, use, etc. [a suit of summer weight]
10. Printing the relative thickness of the lines in type fonts
11. Sports
a) any of the several classifications into which boxers and wrestlers are placed according to how much they weigh
b) the number of pounds a horse is required to carry for a particular race, including the weight of the jockey, the saddle, and, often, added lead weights
12. Statistics a constant assigned to a single item in a frequency distribution, indicative of the item's relative importance
vt.
1. to add weight to; make heavy or heavier
2. to burden; load down; oppress
3. to treat (thread or fabric) with a solution of metallic salts, in order to increase its weight
4. to manage, control, or influence in a particular direction or so as to favor a particular side; slant [the evidence was weighted against the defendant]
5. Statistics to assign a weight to in a frequency distribution
SYN.- IMPORTANCE, INFLUENCE
——————
by weight
as determined by weighing
——————
carry weight
to be important, influential, etc.
——————
pull one's weight
to do one's share
——————
throw one's weight around
to take undue advantage of one's authority or rank; be overbearing

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • Weight — Weight, n. [OE. weght, wight, AS. gewiht; akin to D. gewigt, G. gewicht, Icel. v[ae]tt, Sw. vigt, Dan. v[ae]gt. See {Weigh}, v. t.] [1913 Webster] 1. The quality of being heavy; that property of bodies by which they tend toward the center of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Weight — Weight, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Weighted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Weighting}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To load with a weight or weights; to load down; to make heavy; to attach weights to; as, to weight a horse or a jockey at a race; to weight a whip handle.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • weight — ► NOUN 1) a body s relative mass or the quantity of matter contained by it, giving rise to a downward force; heaviness. 2) Physics the force exerted on the mass of a body by a gravitational field. 3) the quality of being heavy. 4) a unit or… …   English terms dictionary

  • weight — O.E. gewiht, from P.Gmc. * (ga)wekhtiz, * (ga)wekhtjan (Cf. O.N. vætt, O.Fris. wicht, M.Du. gewicht, Ger. Gewicht), from *weg (see WEIGH (Cf. weigh)). The verb meaning to load with weight is attested from 1747; sense in statistics is recorded… …   Etymology dictionary

  • weight — [n1] heaviness adiposity, avoirdupois, ballast, burden, density, G factor*, gravity, gross, heft, heftiness, load, mass, measurement, net, ponderosity, ponderousness, poundage, pressure, substance, tonnage; concept 795 weight [n2] something used… …   New thesaurus

  • weight|y — «WAY tee», adjective, weight|i|er, weight|i|est. 1. heavy; having much weight. SYNONYM(S): ponderous. See syn. under …   Useful english dictionary

  • Weight — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Doug Weight (* 1971), US amerikanischer Eishockeyspieler Pamela Weight, britische Eiskunstläuferin Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • weight — I (burden) noun care, cumbrance, duty, encumbrance, incubus, liability, load, mass, obligation, onus, oppression, ponderousness, pressure, responsibility II (credibility) noun belief, certainty, confidence, credence, credibleness, credit, faith,… …   Law dictionary

  • weight — n 1 significance, *importance, moment, consequence, import Analogous words: *worth, value: magnitude, *size, extent: seriousness, gravity (see corresponding adjectives at SERIOUS) 2 *influence, authority, prestige, cr …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • weight|i|ly — «WAY tuh lee», adverb. in a weighty manner; heavily; ponderously; momentously; forcibly …   Useful english dictionary